United Nations – More than 120 countries approved the first treaty to ban nuclear weapons Friday at a meeting of the U.N. Boycotted by all countries with nuclear weapons.
To applause and excitement, Elayne Whyte Gomez, president of the UN conference that negotiated legally binding treaty, released the results of the “historic” vote – 122 nations in favor, against the Netherlands and Singapore abstention .
“We have succeeded in sowing the first seeds of a world free of nuclear weapons,” said Whyte Gómez. “We are … telling our children that, yes, it is possible to inherit a world free of nuclear weapons.”
“The world is waiting for this legal rule for 70 years,” as atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 until the end of World War II.
Setsuko Thurlow, who was a 13-year-old student in Hiroshima when a US nuclear bomb destroyed the city, said survivors “have worked all their lives to make sure that no human being should be subjected to such an atrocity.”
“This treaty banning nuclear weapons states that are illegal, inhuman and illegitimate,” it said in a statement. “This is the most important step in my life towards the goal of Hibakusha (survivors) to completely abolish all these weapons of mass destruction criminals.”
Although there was no reason to celebrate the fact that all nuclear powers including the United States boycotted the negotiations suppresses candles wind supporters, says Pamela Falk, CBS News Foreign Affairs analyst.
None of the nine countries are known or suspected to have nuclear weapons – the United States, Russia, Britain, China, France, India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel – with Treaty support. Many allies have not attended the meeting, either.
In a joint statement, the United States ambassadors of the United States, Britain and France said that their country never intended to be parties to the treaty.
They said that it “does not take into account the realities of the international security environment” and “is incompatible with the policy of nuclear deterrence, which has been essential for the maintenance of peace in Europe and North Asia for more than 70 years” .
The treaty provides no solution to “the serious threat posed by North Korea’s nuclear programs and does not address other security issues that make nuclear deterrence,” said the three ambassadors.
The ban does not address these concerns “can not result in the elimination of a single nuclear weapon and not enhance the security of a country,” they said. “This is going to be the complete opposite of creating more divisions at a time when the world must remain united in face of growing threats.”
The United States, Britain and France and other nuclear powers, want instead to strengthen nuclear non-proliferation nearly half a century, regarded as the cornerstone of global efforts not -Poliferation.
This pact sought to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons beyond the five powers with original weapons – the United States, Russia, Britain, France and China.
It is required that non-signatory countries do not pursue nuclear weapons in exchange for a commitment by five powers to move towards nuclear disarmament and ensure access to non-nuclear states to peaceful nuclear technology to produce energy.