Salt Satyagraha

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Salt Satyagraha

The independence day was observed solemnly on January 26, 1930 all over the country. People assembled in large numbers and took the following pledge :

“We believe that it is the inalienable right of the Indian people as of any other people, to have freedom and to enjoy the fruits of their toil and have the necessities of life so that they may have full opportunities of growth. We also believe that if any Government deprives the people of these rights and oppresses them, the people have a further right to alter or abolish such a Government. The British Government in India has not only deprived the Indian people of their freedom, but has also based itself on the principle of exploitation of the masses and has
ruined India economically, politically, culturally and spiritually. We believe, therefore, that India must sever the British connection and obtain Puma Swaraj or complete independence.”

The people thus asserted their right to forgo all ties with the British raj in order to have full opportunities for growth. The Government viewed the defiance with contempt. There was bound to be a new confrontation between Gandhiji and the British Government. What would be its form and technique could be anybody’s guess.

Rabindranath Tagore, who met Gandhiji at Sabarmati Ashram on January 18, 1930, asked him as to what he proposed to do. His reply was, “I am furiously thinking night and day, and I





A fiery poet, orator, patriot and nationalist leader, Sarojini Naidu was called Bulbul-e-Hind or the nightingale of India, not only for her voice and verse, but also for her extraordinary oratory.

A close associate of Mahatma Gandhi and his non-violent movements throughout her life, Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13, 1879 in Hyderabad in a revolutionary family. Her father, Dr. Aghornath Chattopadhyay, was a revolutionary democrat and was known for his anti-imperialist activities. Her one brother, Virendranath Chattopadhyay, was in exile all his life for the same cause, for whom her heart always cried.

After 1915, she was in the thick of India’s freedom movement and spent the rest of her life for this cause. She was the first Indian woman President of Indian National Congress (1925) and first women Governor (U.P., 1947-49). She died on March 2, 1949, in Lucknow.

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, popularly known as ‘Frontier Gandhi’, organised Khudai KJjidmat^trs, or Servants of God, a nationalist wing of the Pathan Jirgah. For the colour of uniforms they wore, they were called ‘Red Shirts’. After Gandhiji’s Dandi March in 1930, and particularly after police brutalities on salt satyagrahis at Dharsena (Gujarat), waves of anti-British movements of various kinds, particularly non-payment of Government dues, spread like wildfire and reached the farthest western hills of North-West Frontier Province. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was arrested, which was followed by unprecedented mass uprising, Civil Disobedience and big demonstrations. The demonstrators broke open the jail and released their leader. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was a great freedom fighter and a secularist par excellence. He was the first foreigner to be conferred India’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna, in 1987.




















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